Build scripts for .net are always a bit painful, and Microsoft has not made it easy over the years as every release they change the paths. For 2017 it is even worse and it depends on the edition so they want you to use vswhere.exe to locate the installed version(s) of msbuild.

I find the following bit of Powershell to be far more portable and reliable.

Function Find-MsBuild([int] $MaxVersion = 2017)  
{
    $agentPath = "$Env:programfiles (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\BuildTools\MSBuild\15.0\Bin\msbuild.exe"
    $devPath = "$Env:programfiles (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Enterprise\MSBuild\15.0\Bin\msbuild.exe"
    $proPath = "$Env:programfiles (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Professional\MSBuild\15.0\Bin\msbuild.exe"
    $communityPath = "$Env:programfiles (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Community\MSBuild\15.0\Bin\msbuild.exe"
    $fallback2015Path = "${Env:ProgramFiles(x86)}\MSBuild\14.0\Bin\MSBuild.exe"
    $fallback2013Path = "${Env:ProgramFiles(x86)}\MSBuild\12.0\Bin\MSBuild.exe"
    $fallbackPath = "C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319"

    If ((2017 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $agentPath)) { return $agentPath } 
    If ((2017 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $devPath)) { return $devPath } 
    If ((2017 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $proPath)) { return $proPath } 
    If ((2017 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $communityPath)) { return $communityPath } 
    If ((2015 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $fallback2015Path)) { return $fallback2015Path } 
    If ((2013 -le $MaxVersion) -And (Test-Path $fallback2013Path)) { return $fallback2013Path } 
    If (Test-Path $fallbackPath) { return $fallbackPath } 

    throw "Yikes - Unable to find msbuild"
}

Usage is as follows:

PS C:\> Find-MsBuild  
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\BuildTools\MsBuild\15.0\Bin\MsBuild.exe

PS C:\> Find-MsBuild  -MaxVersion 2015  
C:\Program Files (x86)\MsBuild\14.0\Bin\MsBuild.exe

PS C:\> Find-MsBuild  -MaxVersion 2013  
C:\Program Files (x86)\MsBuild\12.0\Bin\MsBuild.exe

PS C:\> Find-MsBuild  -MaxVersion 2012  
C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319

PS C:\> Find-MsBuild  -MaxVersion 4  
C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319  

Happy building.